A new report says that a U.S. government agency tried – and failed – to secretly use hip-hop to spark change in Cuba.

The Associated Press has obtained documents, which show that the United States Agency for International Development hired a contractor to promote rappers whose music criticized Cuba’s communist government.

The plan was to create a fan base of young people who would demand change in Cuba. According to the AP, Cuban officials caught on to the plot and ended up hurting the country’s hip-hop movement.

The AP previously reported that the agency tried and failed to set up a Cuban version of Twitter. U.S. officials reportedly also spent millions of American taxpayer dollars to use a plane to broadcast an American TV station to Cuba, even though the Cuban government blocked the signal.